Glossary of Terms
Batting- Batting is the filling between the front and back side of a quilt. Batting gives the quilt extra weight. Cellulose fibers- A fiber derived from plants is a cellulose fiber- examples are cotton and linen.
Cotton- Cotton is a natural plant fiber known for its softness and strength.
Cellulose fibers - A fiber derived from plants is a cellulose fiber- examples are cotton and linen.
Cotton - Cotton is a natural plant fiber known for its softness and strength.
Digital print - Digitally printing fabrics allows for an unlimited number of colors and subtle variations to be achieved than through screen printing. During the printing process, the fabric is fed through the printer using rollers and ink is applied to the surface in the form of thousands of tiny droplets. Learn more here.
Dobby loom - A dobby loom is different from a jacquard loom in that it more restricted in the complexity of the designs it can weave. Dobby looms are best for smaller, geometric patterns.
Down and feather - Down is the layer of light and fluffy feathers underneath the outer feathers of a duck. Down is a great insulator, and make your pillow insert fluffy. Feathers are more substantial, giving the pillow insert structure. Our pillow inserts are 25% down, 75% feathers. Learn more about our inserts here.
Embroidery - Embroidery is an embellishment stitched with thread onto cloth. It creates pattern or imagery and adds color and texture to the fabric.
Fiber reactive dyes - Fiber reactive dyes attach permanently to cellulose fibers using a covalent (electron-sharing) bond. Cotton, flax, and wool accept fiber reactive dyes.
Gouache- Gouache is an opaque watercolor.
Hand Dyed - Subtle variations, happy accidents, and unexpected hues are all the result of the hand-dyed process. Dying is the process of adding color to textile products like fibers, yarns, and fabrics. Dying is normally done in a special solution containing dyes and particular chemical material, which bonds permanently to the fibers. Learn more about hand dyeing and learn about the dyes we use here.
Jacquard Weave - Jacquard fabrics have complex designs woven into their structure like brocade, damask or matelassé. These fabrics are highly textural and can look quite different on the face and back of the fabric.
Linen - Linen is made of flax plant fibers. Because it is an inherently eco-friendly fiber, we love to use it. We choose to use Belgian linen produced by Libeco because of their commitment to sustainability.
Matelassé - Matelassé is French for “quilted.” It is woven on jacquard looms, mimicking the look of hand stitching.
Merino wool - Merino wool is a protein fiber made from Merino sheep. It has natural properties that help to regulate temperature, keeping you cozy in the winter and cool in the summer.
Natural dyes - Natural dyes come from plants, invertebrates, and minerals. The most common are vegetable dyes coming from roots, berries, bark, leaves, and wood.
Natural fibers- Natural fibers are those that come from a plant, animal or mineral source. Cotton and linen are examples of plant fibers, while silk and wool come from animal sources.
Ombré - Ombré means shaded. Ombré is when a color graduates from light to dark.
Plain weave - The plain weave is the most basic woven structure. An even construction is made by alternately passing the weft/fill thread one over, one under the warp threads.
Quilt- Quilts are bed covers made up of three layers: a top, the batting (usually cotton or polyester fiber fill) and a backing. The layers are held together with stitching through all three layers. The top layer is usually artfully patterned; the bottom layer can either match the top or offer a contrasting look.
Repeat - The pattern repeat is the distance between where the pattern starts, ends and starts again. Repeats can be random, straight repeat or half-drop repeats.
Sashiko - Sashiko is Japanese for “little stabs.” This technique was originally used for garment mending. These are plain running stitches that create a decorative, often geometric pattern.
Screen print - Screen printing is a method of printing done by stencil on mesh. Dye is applied by squeegee, transferring the ink though the open mesh onto the fabric. Our screen prints are printed by hand in Rhode Island on flat printing beds primarily using VAT Dyes which are known for their exceptional fastness properties and leave no stiff hand feel. Learn more here.
Our digitally printed fabrics are printed with The DuPont™ Artistri™ pigment ink chemistry which is similar to the pigment chemistry used in traditional rotary screen printing.
Selvage - The selvage is the edge of woven fabric. This is created during weaving (think “self-edge”) and prevents the fabric from unraveling.
Shibori - Shibori is a resist dyeing technique that originated in Japan. Fabrics are manipulated into bundles by folding, binding or stitching to resist the dyes creating a pattern. Learn more about the process here.
Silk - Silk is a natural protein fiber that comes from moth caterpillars. Silk is known for its natural sheen.
Suminagashi - This is a Japanese word that means “floating ink.” It is a paper marbling process done with water and ink.
Wallpaper - Wallpaper is printed in vertical strips and pasted over the walls of the room, adding pattern or texture to the surface of the walls.
Warp - Warp threads run the length of the cloth. These threads are raised and lowered to create patterns and hold the weft/fill threads in place.
Watercolor - Watercolor is a paint made of pigments suspended in water. The color is transparent.
Weaving - Weaving is the process that creates fabric by interlacing yarn at right angles. The yarn in the vertical direction is called the warp, and the yarn in the horizontal direction is called the weft or the fill.
Weft/fill - Weft threads, also called the fill, run horizontally to the weft threads to create the length of cloth.